Facts & Reference
General Starting Places
Pinchbeck's Homework Helper
This famous 14-year old briefly describes over 700 links to subject-area
“A Librarian's Choice of the Best of the Web" includes a wide variety
of subjects, such as African-Americans, Physics, and Politics, which
list links to the related Internet sites.
Provided by Hobsan’s, a college publisher, this site provides a "topic-by-topic
breakdown of the best sites on the World Wide Web" which link to related
sites. Each site is described and the "Web Weasel" provides visual entertainment
along the way.
Includes a searchable homework center, reference, "Today in History,"
study skills, and a word of the day. It is a self-contained site, meaning
it does not link to other sites on the Web.
Web Sites for Kids
Sponsored by the American Library Association, this site provides descriptions
and links to web sites divided by topic.
High School Ace
Updated daily, High School Ace is an academic Internet portal for high
school students. It features a teen poetry contest, college information,
a reference desk, and subject guides for English, Mathematics, Social
Studies, and Science.
This site provides links to information in many subject areas and the
links are organized into grade level categories for elementary, middle
and high school (see yellow column on left). Includes pull-down menus
of reference sources and current events sources and much more provided
by a team of educators, librarians and journalists.
Internet Public Library (IPL2)
A searchable subject directory of librarian-reviewed Internet links,
including online reference titles, online-viewable books, magazines
and newspapers. Developed by School of Information at the University
Choose a general category, such as "Science & Math" or "The Arts",
to link to sub-menus for more specific subjects. Each Internet site
listed has a description, reading level and indicates whether the site
This noncommercial educational portal for elementary and middle school
students includes a homework help section along with games and other
This information portal to the Web provides a gateway to more than
5,000 libraries around the world, recommended sites for encyclopedias,
dicionaries, calculators, maps, phone books, quotations, statistics,
and much more; all organized in one convenient, user-friendly spot.
A substantial number of resources all in one place. Make sure and scroll
all the way down.
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Calendars & Time
The 10,000-Year Calendar!
This perpetual calendar covers year 1 to 10,000 AD with holidays indicated.
The program offers a printable version of the any month/year. Click
on any date on the calendar to find sites about moon and history information
for that day.
This digitalization of a book about time and calendars includes explanations
of different types of calendars, such as Gregorian, Hebrew, Islamic,
Indian, Chinese and Julian calendars.
The Official U.S. Time
Click on a time zone in the United States or its territories for the
current time accurate to within two tenths of a second. A map showing
where the sun is shining and where it is night is also displayed. There
are additional links to information on Daylight Saving Time, calendars,
clocks, watches, timekeeping, etc.
Moon Rise/Set Table For One Year
Tables for sunrise/sunset from the US Naval Observatory for any location
worldwide. Does not adjust for daylight savings time.
A Walk Through
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) illustrate
and detail the evolution of the measurement of time. Categories to choose
from include Ancient Calendars, Early Clocks, Revolution in Timekeeping,
The "Atomic Age", World Time Scales, and NIFT Time Calibration. Within
each category is a detailed, illustrated history of time and the civilizations
that measured it. A bibliography of references used is included.
World Time Server
Choose a country or major city on the left side of the screen to find
the accurate source of time for that area.
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Conversion Tools & Tables
Between Temperature Scales
From USA Today, this site will help you make rough or exact conversions
between Fahrenheit and Celsius temperatures.
Many?: A Dictionary of Units of Measurement
Information about Roman & Arabic numerals, the metric system, tables
and scales (wind velocity, paper sizes, etc.) and much more from a professor
at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Has a list of miscellaneous
topics, such as “How much is a thimbleful?”.
The Inflation Calculator
Calculate the inflation rate for any amount of money from 1800
to 2007 using this fill-in-the-box web calculator. The site was developed
by technologist and Internet entrepreneur S. Morgan Friedman using the
Consumer Price Index. Links to other inflation-related sites are listed.
Roman Numeral Converter
Simply fill in one box and click the button to convert from numbers
to Roman numerals or vice-versa. The author also includes a link to
information about how Roman Numerals work.
Universal Currency Converter
Converts the currency from one country into the currency of another.
World Wide Metric
Provides conversion of length, weight, pressure and volume. Enter a
unit in one of the boxes and it immediately calculates the equivalent
measurement in the other four.
WWW Unit Converter
Use easy windows and pull-downs to convert units in many different measurement
areas such as bits and bytes, force, length, mass, speed, temperature,
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Geography, Maps & Distances
ABCTeach Directory of Outline Maps
outline maps of the continents and world, countries, and states.
Blank Outline State
Printable outline maps of all 50 states and the United States from
David Rumsey Historical Map Collection
images of over 13,000 historical maps, mostly from eighteenth- and
nineteenth-century North and South America. Historic maps of the World,
Europe, Asia and Africa are also represented. Collection categories
include antique atlas, globe, school geography, maritime chart, state,
county, city, pocket, wall, children’s and manuscript maps. Software
allows viewers to compare maps side by side, zoom in, save and print.
Select “World Atlas & Maps” and then a country name
to see links to a variety of maps and other information about the country.
Can also select from a list of major world cities or select historic
maps, blank outline maps and more. From About.com.
How Far Is It?
Handy for finding the distances (as the crow flies) between two places
in the World.
Glossary: Landforms & Bodies of Water
Scroll down to find easy to understand explanations and
pictures of geographical terms, from archipelago and atoll to volcano
and wetland. A few terms link to further information. Provided by Enchanted
Learning, a producer of educational software.
Provides color maps of the seven continents, world regions,
countries, proposed countries, Canadian provinces and territories, world
territories and dependencies, world time zones, and printable maps of
U.S. states, U.S. states with capitals, U.S. states with physiography,
and U.S. regions. Also includes geography quizzes, crossword puzzles,
and geography FAQs. From the publishers of the Information Please almanacs.
Kid Info provides a descriptive listing of a variety of atlases and
maps. Check out the Historical Atlas of the Twentieth Century. It provides
an atlas for many different areas, events and governments of the 1900's.
With National Geographic’s online atlas, you can find
nearly any place on Earth, and view it by population, climate, and much
Street, topographic, and world atlas maps of any area you select, door
to door US driving directions, aerial photos of the area, a road trip
planner and more!
MapQuest World Atlas
Printable maps of continents, countries, territories, states, provinces, and oceans of the world from Mapquest.The maps include landforms and major cities. Quick facts for each area (such as population, literacy rate, life expectancy, exports and imports) are included.
A huge collection of sites for online maps and other references from
the University of Iowa.
Designed to increase understanding of the relationships between environments,
people and places. Includes maps regarding cholera, West Nile virus,
active volcanoes and more. Allows users to create their own detailed
map. Select “Printable Maps” to see maps of congressional
districts, Presidential elections and more. From the U.S. Department
of the Interioir.
From Houghton Mifflin, textbook publishers, this site creates printable
outline maps of geographic regions, continents, or the world.
The University of Texas provides full-color, high-quality maps for many
countries and regions of the world, including historical maps. Also
includes links to a wide variety of other cartographic reference sources.
Some of the maps take a while to load - note the size of the file.
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An online atlas of facts, flags and maps of every continent, country,
dependency, exotic destination, island, major city, province, bodies
of water, etc. Includes currency conversion information, current date
and time for anywhere, distance calculator, and rankings of places
by highest, lowest, biggest, smallest, tallest, deepest, oldest, youngest,
richest, and poorest. Provides the ability to ask the site developers
any geography-related question by email.
Provides links to country, historical, regional and world maps, as
well as information about map making.
Federal statistical data that features facts and figures collected by
more than 100 different agencies. An official site of the U.S. federal
government. Links to federal agencies.
U.S. Census Bureau
The U.S. Census Bureau has provided a scanned version of its abstract
dating from 1878 through 2003. This is a guide to over 250 summaries
of social, political and economic statistics of the United States. Also
included is the two-part “Historical Statistics of the United
States, Colonial Times to 1970.”
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February 13, 2012